Maulana Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed was a sub continent’s Muslim scholar and a senior political leader of the Indian independence movement, who was born on 11 November 1888. He was one of the most well-known Muslim leaders to support Hindu-Muslim harmony, contrasting the partition of India on shared lines. Subsequent to the partition of sub continent, he became the first Minister of Education in the Indian government. He is normally remembered as Maulana Azad; he had adopted Azad as his pen name.
His contribution to establishing the education foundation of India is acknowledged by celebrating his birthday as National Education Day across India. He is also identified for foretelling the future military rule and partition of Pakistan prior to its freedom. He was given respect by the Indian government for awarding India's highest civilian award Bharat Ratna in 1992.
From a very early age, Azad wrote poetry in Urdu as well as treatises on religion and philosophy. He gained importance through his work as a journalist, publishing works critical of the British Raj and supporting the causes of Indian chauvinism. Azad became the leader of the Khilafat Movement during which he got in close contact with Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi. Azad became a passionate supporter of Gandhi's thoughts of non-violent civil defiance, and worked energetically to put in order the disobedience movement in protest of the 1919 Rowlatt Acts. Azad dedicated himself to Gandhi's ideals, including promoting native products and the cause of autonomy for India. He became the youngest person to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress in 1923.